An urban forest includes all of the publicly and privately-owned trees and supporting vegetation in an urban area. This includes individual trees and groups of trees located on streets, backyards, parks, natural areas, and industrial zones. Other elements such as plants, water, soil, micro-organisms, and wildlife are also part of this forest community. Each of these elements, in addition to people and the built environment, have an influence on the health of the urban forest. Campbell River’s 33% urban forest canopy cover is declining. Without any change to current practices, canopy could decline to approximately 20% by the time the Urban Containment Boundary is fully developed.